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Teacher and Principal Evaluation Research Resources

Teacher Evaluation Research

The InTASC standards

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. (2012). Gathering feedback for teaching: Combining high-quality observations with student surveys and achievement gains. Seattle, WA: Author. Retrieved from

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. (2010). Learning about teaching: Initial findings from the Measures of Effective Teaching project.Seattle, WA: Author. Retrieved from

Clifford, M., Behrstock-Sherratt, E., & Fetters, J. (2012, March). The ripple effect: A synthesis of research on principal influence to inform performance evaluation design. Washington, DC: American Institutes for Research. Retrieved from

Kane, T.J. and Staiger, D.O. (2008). Estimating teacher impacts on student achievement: An experimental evaluation [Working Paper 14607]. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved from

National Council on Teacher Quality. (2010). A Race to the Top scorecard. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from

Weisberg, D., Sexton, S., Mulhern, J., Keeling, D. (2009). The widget effect: Our national failure to acknowledge and act on differences in teacher effectiveness. Brooklyn, NY: The New Teacher Project. Retrieved from

 The NDDPI, on behalf of the ESEA Planning Committee and the Teacher and Principal Evaluation Subcommittee, collaborated with the North Central Comprehensive Center at Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning (McREL) to conduct a survey of research related to teacher and principal evaluation. The Teacher and Principal Evaluation Subcommittee members have reviewed and are incorporating research-based solutions regarding the development of meaningful evaluation systems, based on research reported in the following studies:

  1. A Practical Guide to Designing Comprehensive Teacher Evaluation Systems (National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality, available at:;

  2. Great Teachers and Leaders:  State Considerations on Building Systems of Educator Effectiveness (Reform Support Network, available at:;

  3. Alternative Measures of Teacher Performance (National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality, available at:;

  4. Guide to Teacher Evaluation Products (National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality, available at:;

  5. Getting It Right: A Comprehensive Guide to Developing and Sustaining Teacher Evaluation and Support Systems (National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, available at:; and

  6. Labor-Management Collaboration Conference Toolkit (U.S. Department of Education, available at:

  7. National Council on Teacher Quality. (2011). State of the states: Trends and early lessons on teacher evaluation and effectiveness policies. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from;

  8. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. (2011). Learning about teaching: Initial findings from the Measures of Effective Teaching project. Seattle, WA: Author. Retrieved from;

  9. Brandt, C., Mathers, C., Oliva, M., Brown-Sims, M., & Hess, J. (2007). Examining district guidance to schools on teacher evaluation policies in the Midwest Region (Issues & Answers Report, REL 2007–No. 030). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Regional Educational Laboratory Midwest. Retrieved from:;

  10. Glazerman, S., Goldhaber, D., Loeb, S., Raudenbush, S., Staiger, D.O., & Whitehurst, G.J. (2011). Passing muster: Evaluating teacher evaluation systems. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, Brown Center on Education Policy. Retrieved from:;

  11. Joint Committee on Standards for Educational Evaluation (2009). The Personnel Evaluation Standards: How to assess systems for evaluating educators. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

  12. Goe, L. (2008, May). Key issue: Using value-added models to identify and support highly effective teachers. Washington, DC: National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality. Retrieved from:;

  13. Goe, L. (n.d.). Evaluating Teachers with Multiple Measures. Washington, DC: American Federation of Teachers. Retrieved from: Measures?1300833683;

  14. Goe, L., Bell, C., & Little, O. (2008). Approaches to evaluating teacher effectiveness: A research synthesis. Washington, DC: National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality. Retrieved from:;

  15. Herman, J.L., Heritage, M., & Goldschmidt, P. (2011). Developing and selecting assessments of student growth for use in teacher evaluation systems. Los Angeles, CA: University of California, National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Students Testing (CRESST). Retrieved from: ;

  16. Hinchey, P. H. (2010). Getting teacher assessment right: What policymakers can learn from research. Boulder, CO: National Education Policy Center. Retrieved from: ;

  17. The New Teacher Project (2010). Teacher Evaluation 2.0. Brooklyn, NY: Author. Retrieved from:

Resources to Consider in choosing professional practice component

  1. Milanowski, A. T. (2011, March 18). Validity research on teacher evaluation systems based on the Framework for Teaching. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA. Retrieved from:

Resources to Consider in choosing student growth measures

  1. Measuring Student Growth for Teachers in Non-Tested Grades and Subjects:  A Primer (Reform Support Network) available at:;

  2. Measuring Teachers Contributions to Student Learning Growth for Non-tested Grades and Subjects (National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality, available at:

  3. Marion, S., & Buckley, K. (2011). Approaches and considerations for incorporating student performance results from “non-tested” grades and subjects into educator effectiveness determinations. Dover, NH: National Center for the Improvement of Educational Assessment.

  4. Buckley, K., & Marion, S. (2011). A survey of approaches used to evaluate educators in non-tested grades and subjects.

  5. Baker, E., Barton, P.E., Darling-Hammond, L., Haertel, E., Ladd, H.F., Linn, R.L., Ravitch, D.,Rothstein, R., Shavelson, R.J., & Shepard, L.A. (2010, August). Problems with the use of student test scores to evaluate teachers. Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute. Retrieved from:

  6. Battelle for Kids. (2009, October). The importance of accurately linking instruction to students to determine teacher effectiveness. Columbus, OH: Author.
Principal Evaluation Research
  1. ISLLC standards

  2. WestEd's Effective Principals Resources page

  3. Teacher Quality Center's Online Practical Guide to Designing Principal Evaluation Systems (the link is interactive but the site includes a link to download the PDF of the Guide)

  4. Resources from the "Supporting State Efforts to Implement Comprehensive Teacher and Leader Evaluation Systems" Workshop

  5. Guide to Evaluation Products

  6. The Wallace Foundation’s Principal Evaluation page

  7. The Wallace Foundation’s Effective Principal Leadership page

  8. Schools Moving Up/Integrated Leadership Development Initiative @ WestEd – Effective Principals resources page and links

  9. The Ripple Effect: A Synthesis of Research on Principal Influence to Inform Performance Evaluation Design. (AIR, March 2012)

  10. Designing Principal Evaluation Systems: Research to Guide Decision Making. (AIR, July 2011)

  11. How California’s Local Education Agencies Evaluate Teachers and Principals (RELWest, 2012)

  12. Measuring Principal Performance: How Rigorous are Commonly Used Principal Performance Assessment Instruments? (QSL, January 2012)

  13. 360 Degree Leadership: Evaluating Minnesota Principals. (VIVA, February 2012)

  14. Resources to Consider in Choosing and Combining Multiple Measures
    Goe, L. (n.d.). Evaluating Teachers with Multiple Measures. Washington, DC: American Federation of Teachers. Retrieved from: Measures?1300833683

  15. State Council for Educator Effectiveness. (2011). Report and recommendations: Submitted to the Colorado State Board of Education pursuant to SB 10-19, April 13, 2011). Denver, CO:
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North Dakota Department of Public Instruction
Kirsten Baesler, State Superintendent
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