Private School Participation in Title III Programs
No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, Title IX, Part E, Sections 9501-9506
Frequently Asked Questions
What is meant by “equitable” participation by public and private school students and educational personnel in a Title III program?
Participation is considered to be equitable if the LEA (1) assesses, addresses, and evaluates the needs and progress of public and private school students and educational personnel in the same manner; (2) provides, in the aggregate, approximately the same amount of services to students and educational personnel with similar needs; (3) spends an equal amount of funds to serve similar public and private school students and educational personnel; and (4) provides both groups of students and educational personnel equal opportunities to participate in program activities.
What recourse is available if an LEA will not use its Title III funds to provide equitable services to private school children and educational personnel?
Complaints about an LEA’s failure to provide equitable services to private school children and educational personnel must first be submitted to the State educational agency for resolution. The State’s resolution or failure to make a resolution may be appealed to the U.S. Department of Education. If an LEA is prohibited by State law from providing for the participation in Title III programs of eligible children or teachers or other educational personnel from private elementary and secondary schools on an equitable basis, or if the Secretary determines that an LEA has substantially failed or is unwilling to provide for such participation as required by Section 9501, the Secretary waives the requirements of that section and arranges for the provision of services by another entity. In making the determination to bypass an LEA, the Secretary considers one or more factors, including the quality, size, scope, and location of the program and the opportunity of private school children, teachers, and other educational personnel to participate in the program.
To implement the bypass, the Department generally enters into a contract with a third party, awarded in accordance with the Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) and deducts funds from the SEA’s Title III allocation in the States where the bypassed LEAs are located. Accordingly, the SEA reduces the allocations of the bypassed LEAs. The Department administers any bypass contract in accordance with the FAR.
Are States required to include participating private school students in the annual assessment of English language proficiency?
No. States are not required to include participating private school students in the annual assessment of English language proficiency. If an LEA provides services to private school students, the LEA must, through timely consultation with private school officials, determine how those students will be assessed for English language proficiency and how the results will be used to improve services to the participating private school students.
Do State English language proficiency standards and annual measurable achievement objectives apply to participating private school students?
No. A State’s English language proficiency standards and annual measurable achievement objectives do not apply to private schools or their students. However, they apply to all public schools and public school students served under Title III.
Must private schools report the results of English language proficiency assessments to the LEA?
No. Private schools with children participating in programs funded under Title III are not required to report assessment results. Officials from the LEA and the private school must reach an agreement about how the results of the assessments will be used to improve services to the participating private school students.
Is a private school required to monitor and report on the academic progress of private school students for two years after the students are no longer receiving services under Title III?
No. Officials from a private school is not required to monitor or report on the academic progress of private school students who are no longer receiving services under Title III.
Does the Title III requirement on language qualifications for teachers providing Title III services to public school students apply to teachers providing these services to private school students?
Yes. Like teachers serving public school LEP students, teachers providing
Title III services to private school students, whether LEA employees
or third-party contract employees, are subject to the requirement that
teachers in a Title III program must be fluent in English and any other
language used for instruction.